Best Things That You Never Expect On Mushroom.

A plant that is distinguished by the fact that it lacks roots, stems, leaves, flowers and chlorophyll. The absence of chlorophyll forces the fungus to draw its sustenance from already manufactured organic matter, so it is found attached to extremely varied objects such as wood, dirty glass, rusty metal, manure, humus or rotten rags. The fungus has been known since the dawn of time. It has the reputation, quite justified moreover, of being able to bring about death. Very few species, however, out of the thousands listed, are actually poisonous. 

On the other hand, many varieties cause discomfort such as diarrhea, stomach aches and vomiting. It is therefore particularly important never to consume species whose identity and edibility are not known exactly. The pharaohs associated mushrooms with the food of the gods and forbade the people to eat them. The Romans believed that these plants gave strength and nourished soldiers. Throughout history, mushrooms were used for deadly purposes that often went unnoticed. Several, however, are famous, such as the assassination of the Roman Emperor Claudius by his wife Agrippina in 54, that of Pope Clement VII in 1534 and that of the German Emperor Charles VI in 1740. Mushrooms were also associated with witchcraft, which inspired fear and mistrust.

The large family of fungi includes several genera, including molds and yeasts. There are over 50,000 species of mushrooms; some are hallucinogenic, 1 or 2% are poisonous, and many are used for their medicinal properties. Although most mushrooms are edible, few are pleasant to eat because they are woody, gelatinous or hard, have a bad smell or have an unpleasant taste. Only about twenty are really tasty. Several species of mushrooms can be cultivated. This is particularly the case for boletus (or ceps), oyster mushrooms, shiitake, ears of Judas, truffles and mushrooms (or button mushrooms).

Mushroom

Unlike plants which grow from seeds, fungi are propagated by single-celled spores. As they develop, these tiny spores produce very fine filaments called “mycelium”. It is this mycelium that is usually used by mushroom growers. Some mushrooms, such as the cultivated mushroom, are sown on natural manure (mainly horse manure) fermented and pasteurized, or synthetic manure made from hay, straw, bark, gypsum and potash or cobs corn. Others, such as the oyster mushroom, are traditionally sown on wood.

Mushrooms are marketed fresh, dried, frozen, canned or blanched and sliced. When buying fresh mushrooms, choose firm and intact products. Discard shriveled, spotted and slimy specimens, and those with split heads, dry stalks and faded color, as they lack freshness.

Clean and prepare the mushrooms only when ready to use them to prevent them from rotting and turning black. Avoid leaving them to soak, as they will become waterlogged. Wash them quickly under running water or in slightly vinegary water (which delays browning) using a silky brush if desired (there are some that are specially designed for this purpose), then drain and pat them dry. with a cloth or paper towel. You can also just wipe the mushrooms with a damp cloth or paper towel.

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